GENEVA, Aug 16 (IPS) – We are in the toughest period the world economy has faced since the creation of the multilateral system more than three-quarters of a century ago. A quadruple shock of COVID, climate change, conflict, and cost of living has undone years of hard-fought development gains.
As financial conditions tighten, even countries that had seemed on track to prosperity and stability now stare into the abyss of debt distress, fragility, and uncertainty about the future.
Coordinated, multilateral action is necessary to tackle the crises we face. Both aid and trade have key roles to play in reversing the impacts of this quadruple shock and putting the world back on track to achieve Sustainable Development Goals.
We head the three international agencies that comprise the Geneva trade hub – the World Trade Organization (WTO), UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the International Trade Centre (ITC).
The WTO makes and monitors the rules for global trade. UNCTAD delivers research and consensus-building to guide governments. ITC helps small businesses go global, especially firms led by women and young entrepreneurs. We work together so that trade works better for development.
All three of us share a deep commitment to trade-led prosperity. All three of us understand that a world in crisis means no more business as usual. And all three of us want our organizations to “walk the talk” on making aid and trade deliver for real people.
To guide aid and trade toward a better world, policymakers need to pivot in three fundamental ways.
Initiate agile transformation in trade practices to promote sustainability. By eliminating tariffs and trade barriers for energy-related environmental goods, we can reduce global CO2 emissions by 0.6% in 2030 through improved energy efficiency. Moreover, this move can foster innovation and accelerate the shift towards renewable energy and eco-friendly products.
Second, make trade more inclusive. Promoting greater trade by small businesses and greater participation by women and youth make companies and countries more competitive, drive economic transformation, and reduce poverty.
Yet ITC business surveys found that one only out of every five exporting companies is women-led. WTO data show that micro, small, and medium-sized firms represent around 95 percent of all companies globally but only one-third of total exports.
Third, make trade more connected. In our networked world, the future of trade is through digital channels and platforms, especially for small businesses. During the pandemic, we saw how doing business online went from being useful to critical for survival. UNCTAD data shows that digitally delivered services reached almost two-thirds of the level of global services exports.
These themes were discussed at the Global Review of Aid-for-Trade, which took place 27-29th July in Geneva.
The event took place one month after the WTO’s successful Twelfth Ministerial Conference, which put trade multilateralism back on track and delivered a landmark agreement on fisheries subsidies, and two months before the COP27 meeting in Egypt (November 6-18) that could determine the world’s chances to keep the 1.5C target alive.
The data shows promising signs that aid-for-trade is tilting towards greater sustainability, inclusivity, and connectivity. OECD and WTO data reveal a record high of nearly US$50 billion in aid for trade disbursements in 2020, of which half were either climate or gender-related, and one-third supported the digital economy.
Despite growing budgetary pressures at home, it is critically important to continue and increase these aid-for-trade flows.
Apart from a stronger thematic focus on sustainability, inclusivity, and connectivity, maximizing the contribution of aid for trade to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals requires a resolute focus on the “where” and “how” of delivering development results.
This means a focus on those countries whose trade and development needs are highest – particularly Least Developed Countries and fragile/conflict-affected countries – and regional initiatives like African Continental Free Trade Area, to ensure they become stepping-stones to wider and more inclusive regional value chains and trade-led growth.
It means partnership across international organizations. The WTO, UNCTAD, and ITC already collaborate on initiatives like the Global Trade Helpdesk, which simplifies market research by bringing key trade and business information into a single portal, as well as support to cotton-exporting countries in Africa.
Last but certainly not least, it means mobilizing public and private finance. The IFC estimates a worldwide US$300 billion financing gap for women, and the global trade finance gap has nearly doubled from an already-staggering $1.5 trillion. Without access to finance, firms cannot grow, diversify or formalize.
We want to end with a call to action. Creating a more sustainable, inclusive, and connected future is the moonshot of our times. Aid, trade, and multilateralism – working together – are part of the solution.
It is normal and understandable that governments act to shore up their own economies in troubled times. But we must act now to ensure that the world’s poorest and most vulnerable can still see a pathway to prosperity through global trade.
The joint opinion piece is authored by Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Director-General of, the World Trade Organization, Rebeca Grynspan, Secretary-General of, the UN Conference on Trade and Development, and Pamela Coke-Hamilton, Executive Director of, the International Trade Centre.
IPS UN Bureau
© Inter Press Service (2022) — All Rights ReservedOriginal source: Inter Press Service
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